History Of Tirumala Tirupati temple

There is ample literary and epigraphic testimony to the antiquity of the temple of Lord Sri Venkateswara. All the great dynasties of rulers of the southern peninsula have paid homage to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient shrine. The Pallavas of Kancheepuram (9th century AD), the Cholas of Thanjavur (a century later), the Pandyas of Madurai, and the kings and chieftains of Vijayanagar (14th – 15th century AD) were devotees of the Lord and they competed with one another in endowing the temple with rich offerings and contributions.

It was during the rule of the Vijayanagar dynasty that the contributions to the temple increased. Krishnadevaraya had statues of himself and his consorts installed at the portals of the temple, and these statues can be seen to this day. There is also a statue of Venkatapati Raya in the main temple. After the decline of the Vijayanagar dynasty, nobles and chieftains from all parts of the country continued to pay their homage and offer gifts to the temple. The Maratha general, Raghoji Bhonsle, visited the temple and set up a permanent endowment for the conduct of worship in the temple. He also presented valuable jewels to the Lord, including a large emerald which is still preserved in a box named after the General. Among the later rulers who have endowed large amounts are the rulers of Mysore and Gadwal. After the fall of the Hindu kingdoms, the Muslim rulers of Karnataka and then the Britishers took over, and many of the temples came under their supervisory and protective control. In 1843 AD, the East India Company divested itself of the direct management of non-Christian places of worship and native religious institutions. The administration of the shrine of Sri Venkateswara and a number of estates were then entrusted to Sri Seva Dossji of the Hatiramji Mutt at Tirumala, and the temple remained under the administration of the Mahants for nearly a century, till 1933 AD.In 1933, the Madras Legislature passed a special act, which empowered the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) Committee to control and administer a fixed group of temples in the Tirumala-Tirupati area, through a Commissioner appointed by the Government of Madras.
Sri Venkatachala Mahatmya is referred to in several Puranas, of which the most important are the Varaha Purana and the Bhavishyottara Purana. The printed work contains extracts from the Varaha Purana, Padma Purana, Garuda Purana, Brahmanda Purana, Markandeya Purana, Harivamsa, Vamana Purana, Brahma Purana, Brahmottara Purana, Aditya Purana, Skanda Purana and Bhavishyottara Purana. Most of these extracts describe the sanctity and antiquity of the hills around Tirumala and the numerous teerthams situated on them.


Source:  Tirupati Library

Narayanavanam – Tirupati

Narayanavaram at Tirumala Tirupati


Narayanavanam is 35 km away from Tirupati and 98 km away from Chennai. where Lord Venkateswara married Goddess Padmavathy In this Location. Lord Sri Kalyana Venkateswara swami is the primary deity here.


There are four sub-temples in these premises namely:

  • Sri Padmavathi Ammavari temple
  • Sri Andaal Ammavari temple
  • Sri Sita Lakshmana Sameta Ramulavari temple
  • Sri Ranganayakula Swamy temple

In addition, there are five other temples attached to Sri Kalyana Venkateswara swami temple:

  • Sri Parasareshwara Swamy temple
  • Sri Veerabhadra Swamy temple
  • Sri Sakthi Vinayaka Swamy temple
  • Sri Agastheeswara Swamy temple
  • Sri Avanakshamma temple

The yearly Brahmotsavam festivals are performed every year at the main temple, Navarathri festival is also celebrated yearly at the Sri Avanakshamma temple.
From Narayanavanam you can go to kailasanatha Kona, kona falls, singiri perumal kona, adhala kona where water will be falling 24 hours a day.

Rama Krishna Theertham

Rama Krishna Thirtham Tirumala Tirupati

A young Brahmin lived in a village. He wanted to be a Brahmacharin (Bachelor) all thorough his life and attain moskha. His name was Ramakrishnan. He was well versed in the Vedas. One day a yogic master came to the house of Ramakrishnan and advised him to marry and live a normal life. But Ramakrishnan wanted to be a ideal Bachelor and attain Moksha.

The yogic master advised him to go the Venkata hills and perform penance. He then taught him a mantra for his meditation
Later Ramkrishnan went to the hills. He sat in his meditation day after day. Months passed by. An ant-hill formed by his side. The king of angels Indra poured rain and thunder of Ramakrishnan. But nothing could disturb him. By his luxurious life he spent all his wealth and finally resorted to robbing to feed his mate. He had all vices including drinking intoxicants. One day he went to rob a Brahmin land-lord. When he packed off his loot and was coming the land-lord woke up and alerted everyone. He killed the Brahmin and easily escaped out.

By his cruel killing of a Brahmin, he became mad and was wandering all around kesavan’s parents came to know this. A voice spoke to Padmanabhan, “Your son is given to all vices. He is not ony a thief a drunkard, a cheat but a murderer of a pious Brahmin. He is a total wreck”.
Hearing tis strange voice, Padmanabhan felt sorry for what had happened. He went to the hermitage of sage Bharathwaja and asked him for a redemption for this son’s wretchedness.

Sae Bharthwaja told him, “on the northern side of the Lords shrine in the Venkata Hills there is a lake known as Katakam. Bathing in it and worshipping the Lord at the Venkata Hills will redeem your son of this killing a Brahmin.”
Following the good advise of the sage, Padmanabhan took his son Kesavan to the Hills and make him at the Kataka Thirtham. The Lord appeared to both of the them and redeemed their sins.

Pandava Theertham Tirumala

Pandava Thirtham Tirumala Tirupati

Once Panadavas and Kouravas, the two royal families fought with each other. Finally the Pandava princes won the battle (Mahabharatha) and attained their Kingdom.

Dharmaraja, the eldest among them, was worried that they killed in the war all their relatives, elders and even acharyas. He asked Sri Krishna, “O Lord Vasudeva! For the simple reason of winning back my kingdom. I had to kill all my relatives in the war. This sin is the most direst. Can you guide me to redeem this by any means”?
Sri Krishna Said, “There is a hill known as Venkata. By bathing in a particular lake your sins will be washed away”.

Dharamaraja came to the hills with his four brothers and wife and to the particular lake to redeem their sins. Later the thirtham was known as Pandava Thirtham. Dharmaraja ruled his Kingdom happily for several years

Papavinasanam Theertham

Papavinasanam Theertham Tirumala.

Long long ago a Brahmin by name Bhadramathy lived with his six wives and several children. He was a pious Brahmin, although he like most Brahmins lived in dire poverty.
He was basically endowed with little properties and as he aged he felt the need for supporting his large family more and more. He was also much hit by the polygamy he had.

One day one of his wives by name Yesovathy wanted to put an end to her husband’s financial worries. “Dear! Of all the charities, I am told, bhudhanam (Offering land-gift) is said to be in the highest. It is capable of giving all types of wealth to the giver. By bathing in the Papavinasanam at the Venkatadri hills and offering bhudhanam, we can end away out poverty once for all. We can attain also total redemption from all kinds of bondages.”

Strongly influenced by her words, the pious Brahmin went to a nearby village and secured five feet land. He went to the Venkata hills and in the holy Papavinasanam Waterfalls. He gave away the land he secured to someone there.
The lord was pleased to know this. He appeared before him and granted all wealth and enriched his entire family.

Jabali Theertham Tirumala

Jabali Theertham Tirumala.

This lake is situated on the south western direction to the main Shrine of Lord Sri Venkatesa. An ancient saint by name Jabili lived here for a long time. Hence it had the name of that famous saint. It is also an important spot at the hills.

Once upon a time a Brahmin lived on the banks of Kaveri River. Around his house wicked people lived close by, though the Brahmin was a man of upright character as days went by the fell into those vicious circles, A ghost possessed his body. He was driven hither and thither. Finally he came to the Venkata Hills. When he had in the Jabali Thirtham, the ghost could not have any influence on him. It left his body at once.

The sage Jabali knowing fully went all the perils the Brahmin had when the ghost haunted him consoled him. The Thirtham is famous for relieving obsessions and haunted cases.

Palguni Thirtham

Palguni Thirtham Tirumala Tirupati

Once the great seers like Sanaka lived on the banks of this lake Arunthathi, wife of one of the seven great seers, found this spot very vibrant. She chose this spot for performing penance. On a Full Moon day in the Palguni Month (March – April) Sri Lakshmi Devi appeared to Arunthathi and granted her wishes. Sri Lakshmi Devi also granted a power that on the said Palguni day every year whosoever takes bathe in that lake shall get the grace of Sri Lakshmi Devi.

Later Sri Agasthya built his hermitage on the banks and raised a flower garden around the spot. The flowers were also offered to the Lord in the shrine by the sage

Kumara Thirtham Tirumala

Kumara Thirtham Tirumala Tirupati

Once there lived an aged Brahmin sage performing penance at the Venkata Hills. He had an assistant by name Koundinya. One day the sage went out into the deep forest for fetching fruits. On his return he missed his way. He wandered quite some distance in the forest. He called out his assistant’s name so that he may hear and come to this rescue. By this he became very thirsty as well as tired.

The Graceful Lord Sri Venkatesa assumed the form of a young boy and approached the sage. He spoke to the old man, “O sage! Whom are you calling out in this wilderness. Are there anyone nearby? Should you live at this very ripe age on the hill alone? Is there any meaning for it?

The Sage Replied : I know I have some work for the angels to do. Until I complete them. I should stay alive. But personally I have no ambitions to live any more.

Then the young boy led him into the lake and asked the old man to have a dip in the lake. The old man bathing into the lake was transformed into a young boy of sixteen years. Then the Lord showered his blessings on him and disappeared. From that day onwards the lake was know as “Kumara Thirtham” because it had the power of conferring youth fullness on the aged Brahmin sage.

Tirupati Sri Padmavati Ammavari Temple-Tiruchanoor

Padmavathi Temple – Tiruchanoor

Alamelu mangapuram(tiruchanoor) is the Home of Goddess Sri Padmavati Devi, situated five kms. from Tirupati Town, This Temple is devoted to Sri Padmavati Devi, the consort of Lord Venkateswara, This ancient templededicated to Goddess Padmavati draws a large number of serious pilgrims every day. The Goddess, also known as Alamelu Manga in Telugu.

Sri Padmavati is the heavenly consort of Lord Venkateswara Swamy. As Goddess Padmavati, a symptom of Goddess Mahalakshmi had increased from Padama mean lotus plant. Goddess Padmavati provided darshan to Master Venkateswara on a red Lotus plant in Padma sarovar lake at Alamelu mangapuram after his strong penance for 12 decades.

Sub-temples in its primises are :

1. Sri Krishnaswamy Temple
2. Sri Sundara Rajaaswamivari Temple
3. Sri Suryanarayana Swamivari Temple


Most Important Festivals In Sri Padmavathi Ammavari Temple:

Navarathiri Festival(Dasara)
Kartheeka Brahmotsavams
Theppotsavam( Float festival)


Most Important Festivals In Sri Sundara Rajaswamivari Temple:

  • Avathara Utsavam for 3 days.

Timings for Sarva Darshan

9.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m.

1.00 p.m. to 6.00 p.m. and

7.00 p.m. to 8.45 p.m.

Kapileshwaraswami Temple – Tirupati

Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple at Tirupati


Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple is the only Lord shiva temple in the middle of several Lord Balaji temples. It situates in the foothills of Tirumala, which is three miles from northern Tirupati. All Important festivals such as Vinayakar Chathurthi, Maha Shivaratri and Brahmotsavam are being performed here every year.


This temple has an devine sacred waterfall which is called Kapila Teertham or Alwar theertham creates the temple precincts more heavenly. You can find few other temple inhouse in this temple such as Sri Lakshminarayana Swamy Temple, Sri Venugopala Swamy Temple, and Sri Vinayakar Temple.